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Peru

Maternal and Child Nutrition in Peru 

The prevalence rates of malnutrition, iron-deficiency anemia and Vitamin A deficiency in Peru continue to be among the highest in South America(UNICEF, 2007).  The high rate of stunting is of particular concern.

Stunting in childhood increases the susceptibility in adulthood to heart disease, stroke, diabetes and other chronic diseases, and possibly also to obesity. Furthermore, by impairing the cognitive development of children, chronic malnutrition reduces their future productivity as adults.

Some of the highest prevalence rates of stunting are in the rural areas that have large indigenous populations.

How Window of Opportunity is helping:

In Peru, Window of Opportunity promotes optimal feeding and nutrition for indigenous children and mothers in two high malnutrition districts of the Andean highlands—Ayacucho and Apurimac. Known as Ventana de Oportunidad, the program launched in March 2010, building on Peru’s national nutrition strategy and CARE Peru’s national nutrition advocacy campaign.

The national government is committed to greatly diminishing infant mortality and chronic malnutrition in Peru and Ventana has positioned itself as an important national and regional ally.

Nutritional Status for Children in Peru

National data, DHS, 2009, <5 years                        Window baseline*, 2010, <2 years

Underweight 4.2 %                                                    Underweight  5 %

Stunting 23.8 %                                                            Stunting 22.8 %

Wasting 0.6 %                                                                Wasting 0.4 %

According to DHS information               * Collected using WHO indicators 

 

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